Do police have to read me my rights before they talk to me?

The Miranda advisory applies when a person is taken into custody or is not free to leave the presence of officers. Consensual encounters in which police ask questions but have not detained a person are generally not subject to Miranda advisories.

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1. My lawyer hasn't contacted / visited me yet and my hearing is tomorrow. Why not?
2. My lawyer won't return my mother / father / wife / brother / sister / son / daughter / other relative / friend / boss's phone calls concerning my case.
3. Are public defenders real attorneys? What kind of training do they receive?
4. What is the difference between a Public Defender, the Legal Defender, and an attorney in the private sector?
5. Can my Public Defender handle my civil case?
6. Do police have to read me my rights before they talk to me?